Many Latin American governments reduced inequality and strengthened social safety nets since the 2000s. Will COVID-19 wipe out Latin America’s progress? How has the pandemic exposed and affected inequalities in the region? To what extent have governments been able to use social policy to cushion the blow? And what reforms to social welfare models will be needed in coming years? Three experts on Latin American welfare systems will take stock of the variation in impacts and responses to COVID-19 and the path ahead to strengthen social welfare systems.